28 Types of Photography: Styles and Genres






Photography is a versatile art form with countless styles and genres, each offering a unique perspective and creative approach to capturing images. From timeless classics to contemporary innovations, the world of photography is rich with diversity. Whether you’re a seasoned professional or an amateur enthusiast, exploring different types of photography can broaden your skills and inspire new creative ideas. In this article, we’ll delve into 28 types of photography, ranging from well-known classics to niche specialties.

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction to Photography Styles
    • Understanding Photography Genres
    • Importance of Exploring Different Styles
  2. Traditional Photography Styles
    • Portrait Photography
    • Landscape Photography
    • Wildlife Photography
    • Macro Photography
  3. Contemporary Photography Styles
    • Street Photography
    • Fashion Photography
    • Fine Art Photography
    • Documentary Photography
  4. Specialized Photography Genres
    • Astrophotography
    • Food Photography
    • Architectural Photography
    • Underwater Photography
  5. Creative Photography Styles
    • Abstract Photography
    • Experimental Photography
    • Conceptual Photography
    • Surreal Photography
  6. Emerging Photography Genres
    • Drone Photography
    • Mobile Photography
    • 360-Degree Photography
    • Urban Exploration Photography
  7. Unique Photography Styles
    • Infrared Photography
    • Night Photography
    • Time-Lapse Photography
    • Composite Photography
  8. Niche Photography Genres
    • Aerial Photography
    • Pet Photography
    • Sports Photography
    • Event Photography

Introduction to Photography Styles

Understanding Photography Genres

Photography encompasses various genres, each with its own distinct characteristics and purposes. Understanding these genres is essential for photographers to explore different styles and find their niche within the vast realm of photography.

Importance of Exploring Different Styles

Exploring different photography styles not only expands your creative horizons but also enhances your skills as a photographer. By experimenting with diverse genres, you can discover new techniques, perspectives, and approaches that add depth and versatility to your work.

Traditional Photography Styles

Portrait Photography

Portrait photography focuses on capturing the essence and personality of individuals through carefully composed images. Whether it’s a formal studio portrait or a candid outdoor shot, portrait photography aims to reveal the unique qualities of the subject.

Landscape Photography

Landscape photography celebrates the beauty of the natural world, showcasing vast landscapes, majestic mountains, serene seascapes, and scenic vistas. This genre often involves meticulous composition and an understanding of light to convey the grandeur of nature.

Wildlife Photography

Wildlife photography involves capturing images of animals in their natural habitats, ranging from elusive predators to tiny insects. Patience, observation, and a deep appreciation for wildlife are essential for successful wildlife photographers.

Macro Photography

Macro photography explores the intricate details of small subjects, revealing the beauty of tiny creatures, plants, and objects. By using specialized lenses and techniques, macro photographers can capture stunning close-up images with remarkable clarity and detail.

Contemporary Photography Styles

Street Photography

Street photography documents everyday life in urban environments, capturing candid moments, interesting characters, and fleeting scenes. This genre thrives on spontaneity, observation, and the ability to find beauty in the ordinary.

Fashion Photography

Fashion photography showcases clothing, accessories, and models in visually captivating and stylish compositions. Whether it’s high-end fashion editorials or commercial campaigns, fashion photographers combine creativity and aesthetics to create compelling imagery.

Fine Art Photography

Fine art photography transcends traditional boundaries, blending creativity, imagination, and personal expression. This genre encourages photographers to explore conceptual ideas, experiment with techniques, and create visually stunning works of art.

Documentary Photography

Documentary photography aims to capture real-life events, people, and social issues with authenticity and empathy. From photojournalism to long-term documentary projects, this genre provides a powerful platform for storytelling and raising awareness.

Specialized Photography Genres


Astrophotography focuses on capturing celestial objects, including stars, planets, galaxies, and nebulae. This genre requires specialized equipment and techniques to photograph the wonders of the night sky with stunning clarity and detail.

Food Photography

Food photography showcases delicious dishes, culinary creations, and gastronomic delights in mouthwatering compositions. This genre combines elements of styling, lighting, and presentation to capture the essence of food and evoke sensory experiences.

Architectural Photography

Architectural photography highlights the beauty, design, and craftsmanship of buildings, structures, and urban landscapes. From iconic landmarks to modern skyscrapers, architectural photographers use perspective and composition to create visually striking images.

Underwater Photography

Underwater photography explores the mesmerizing world beneath the surface of oceans, seas, and freshwater environments. This challenging genre requires specialized equipment and diving skills to capture the vibrant colors and marine life of underwater ecosystems.

Creative Photography Styles

Abstract Photography

Abstract photography breaks away from traditional representation, focusing on shapes, colors, patterns, and textures to create visually compelling images. This genre encourages experimentation and interpretation, allowing photographers to explore the boundaries of perception and imagination.

Experimental Photography

Experimental photography pushes the boundaries of traditional techniques, embracing unconventional methods, materials, and processes to create innovative and thought-provoking imagery. This genre celebrates experimentation, spontaneity, and artistic expression.

Conceptual Photography

Conceptual photography conveys ideas, themes, and concepts through visual symbolism, metaphor, and narrative. By combining elements of storytelling and visual aesthetics, conceptual photographers create images that provoke thought, evoke emotions, and stimulate imagination.

Surreal Photography

Surreal photography blurs the line between reality and imagination, exploring dreamlike landscapes, bizarre scenarios, and otherworldly realms. This genre challenges perceptions and invites viewers to explore the depths of the subconscious mind through fantastical imagery.

Emerging Photography Genres

Drone Photography

Drone photography offers a unique perspective from above, capturing aerial views of landscapes, cityscapes, and natural wonders. This innovative genre has transformed the way we see the world, providing breathtaking vistas and immersive experiences from the sky.

Mobile Photography

Mobile photography harnesses the power of smartphones to capture moments on the go, enabling photographers to document daily life with ease and convenience. With advancements in mobile camera technology and editing apps, mobile photographers can create stunning images with minimal equipment.

360-Degree Photography

360-degree photography immerses viewers in interactive panoramic images, allowing them to explore environments from every angle. Whether it’s virtual tours, immersive experiences, or spherical panoramas, this genre offers a dynamic and engaging way to experience photography.

Urban Exploration Photography

Urban exploration photography delves into abandoned buildings, forgotten spaces, and hidden locations, capturing the beauty of decay and the passage of time. This genre combines elements of adventure, history, and photography, offering a glimpse into forgotten worlds.

Unique Photography Styles

Infrared Photography

Infrared photography utilizes infrared light to capture unique and ethereal images that are invisible to the naked eye. This genre reveals unseen patterns, textures, and landscapes, transforming ordinary scenes into surreal works of art.

Night Photography

Night photography explores the beauty of low-light environments, capturing stunning images of cityscapes, starry skies, and illuminated landscapes. This genre requires patience, technical skill, and creativity to capture the magic of the night.

Time-Lapse Photography

Time-lapse photography compresses time, capturing the passage of hours, days, or even years in a matter of seconds or minutes. This genre reveals the dynamic nature of landscapes, cityscapes, and natural phenomena, offering a mesmerizing glimpse into the passage of time.

Composite Photography

Composite photography combines multiple images to create a single cohesive composition, blending elements from different scenes or moments. This genre allows photographers to unleash their creativity, combining reality and imagination to craft visually stunning artworks.

Niche Photography Genres

Aerial Photography

Aerial photography captures breathtaking views from the sky, showcasing landscapes, landmarks, and cityscapes from a bird’s-eye perspective. Whether it’s aerial drones or manned aircraft, this genre offers a unique vantage point for photographers to explore the world from above.

Pet Photography

Pet photography celebrates the bond between humans and their furry companions, capturing playful moments, adorable expressions, and heartwarming interactions. This genre requires patience, empathy, and a love for animals to create memorable portraits of beloved pets.

Sports Photography

Sports photography freezes action-packed moments in time, capturing the intensity, athleticism, and emotion of sporting events. Whether it’s capturing the thrill of victory or the agony of defeat, sports photographers use skill and timing to document the excitement of competitive sports.

Event Photography

Event photography documents special occasions, celebrations, and gatherings, capturing candid moments, joyful interactions, and memorable experiences. Whether it’s weddings, parties, or corporate events, event photographers preserve precious memories for posterity.


Photography is a dynamic and diverse art form that encompasses a wide range of styles and genres. From traditional classics to contemporary innovations, photographers have endless opportunities to explore and express their creativity. By delving into different types of photography, aspiring photographers can expand their skills, discover their unique style, and embark on a rewarding creative journey.

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